JPRS 74164 12 September 1979

USSR Report

RESOURCES

No. 891

[FBIS] FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE

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JPRS 74164 12 September 1979

USSR REPORT RESOURCES No. 891

CONTENTS PAGE

ELECTRIC POWER AND POWER EQUIPMENT

Future USSR-CEMA Electric Power Lines Planned (Ye. Vorob'yev; PRAVDA UKRAINY, 5 Jul 79) .......-eeee- 1

Underground Power Plants Built, Planned (Ye. Yegorov; KRASNAYA ZVEZDA, 24 Jul 79) ..-eseesevees 4

Achinsk Fund-Forming Indicators Questioned

(A. A. Petrov; EKONOMICHESKAYA GAZETA, Jul 79) ........ 5 Atommash Plant Construction Continuing

(Yu. Baranov; PRAVDA UKRAINY, 7 Jul 79) ........0.- ~e 8 Ukrainian Energy Institute Works in North Korea

(0. Zelenyak; PRAVDA UKRAINY, 10 Jul 79) ..... socessene 9 Briefs

Gul'shad-Tasaral Electric Line ll

Baku Gas Extraction 11

Uralmash Equipment le

Buzov' yazovskoye Oil Deposit l2

New Electric Line l2

New Urengoy Field l2

-a- [III - USSR - 37]

CONTENTS (Continued) FUELS AND RELATED EQ"IPMENT

Ukrainian Gas Industry Leaders Discuss Present and Future Work

(A. Tumanov, et al; PRAVDA UKRAINY, 3 Jul 79 ......

Gas rsroduction and Storage, by A. Tumanov

Innovations Improve Gas Production Process, by V. Gradyuk

Level of Gas Industry Automation Increases, by V. Dubrovskiy

Delay in Introducing New Burner for TETs' Criticized (R. Bikmukhametov; IZVESTIYA, 8 Jul 79) ........0--

Features of Safety Rules for Trunk Pipelines Outlined (VYSHKA, 5 Jul 79) vee ee eevee eea eee eeree eee eee eneeeeene

Improvement Needed in Construction Material Requis‘tioning (V. Matviyenko; SOVETSKAYA ROSSIYA, 26 Jun 79) ....

Needs of Tyumenskaya Oblast Gas Workers Discussed (G. Sulimenkov; SOVETSKAYA ROSSIYA, 28 Jun 79) ....

Pipeline Break in Tyumen’ (Yu. Burov; SOVETSKAYA ROSSIYA, 3 Jul 79) .......0-

Work in Tyumen’ Continues Despite Flooding (B. L'vov; SOPSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA, 10 Jul 79)

Material-Equipment Base of Construction Organization in Western Siberia (P. Kuritsyn; STROITEL'STVO TRUBOPROVODOV, Jun 79).

Pipeline Construction Must Increase in Western Siberia (Editorial; STROITEL'STVO TRUBOPROVODOV, Jun 79)...

Efficiency of Development: Giproniigaz (Y. P. Shchurkin, V. G. Golik; ZHILISHCHNOYE I KOMMUNAL' NOYE KHOZYAYSTVO, Jun 79) ....seessseseees

Increase in Coal Production Reported (I. Sharov; EKONOMICHESKAYA GAZETA, Jun 79) .....+.

Coal Quality Getting Worse (D. Shamarakov; SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA, 8 Jun 79) ee

abe

13

16

16

19

21

24

36

43

46

47

CONTENTS (Continued) Briefs Zaporozhskaya GRES 49 Improved Prospecting Equipment 49 Surgut-Polotsk Oil Pipeline 49 Kostromskaya GRES 50 Methane as Fue. 50 Above-Plan Coal Production 50 Paraffin Deposit Prevention 50 Samotior Oil Wells 50 Central Siberian Pipeline 51 Nizhnekamskaya GES 51 Energy Economy Lectures 51 Equipment for Monitoring Drilling 51 Automated Boiler 52 Nurekskaya GES 52 Power Line Foundations 53 Atommash Workers' Goals 53 Solar Heatirg for Homes 53 Weld Seam Monitor 54 Chelyabinsk Gas Pipeline 54 Pipelines in Kuybyshevskoye Reservoir 54 Lisichansk-Nizhnedneprovsk Oil Pipeline 54 Bulla More-Dashgil' Gas Condensate Pipeline 55 Maynskaya GES Approved 55 Gas Pipeline in Azerbaydzhan 55 Underground Gaseous Fuel Storage 56 Electricity in Oshskaya Oblast 56 Concrete-Pouring Record 56 Tyumen’ Oil Industry Anniversary 56 UFA-Magnitogorsk Power Line aT Cheboksarskaya GES 57 Rogunskaya GES 57

WA‘ ‘ER

Flocding in Tyumen’ . ¥. Noskov; SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA, 13 May 79) eee eeeeereeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eee eee 56

ELSCTRIC POWER AND POWER B.UIPMENT

FUTURE USSR-CEMA ELECTRIC POWER LINES PLANNED Kiev PRAVDA UKRAINY in Russian 5 Jul 79 p 2

Larticle by Ye. Vorob'yev, APN corresponients “Long-range, High-voltage” |

Boerne ] Two billion rubles year--this is the money the YeES Unified Electric Power System)! makes it possitle to save. Now it covers a territory of 7 million square kilometers, where approximately 200 million people live- -almost four-fifths of the population of our country. The formation of this system, which now includes about 900 electric power plants with a total capacity of over 160 million kilowatts, is continuing. In the current five-year plan it is planned to build 195,000 kilometers of trunk electric lines, including 10,000 kilometers of electric power lines with a voltage of 500 and 750 kilovolts, and also the first experi- nental-industrial alternating current line with 1,150 kilovolts.

Put into operation at the beginning of this year was Europe's largest electric power line with a voltage of 750 kilovolts from Vinnitsa (USSR) to Al‘bertirsh (Hungary). This unique line was built on the basis of

an agreement between Bulwaria, Hungary, the GDR, Poland, the USSR and Czechoslovakia. The construction project is one of the important steps in translating into reality the Complex Program of Socialist Economic Integration of CEMA countries, The total length of this line is 839 kilo- meters. The high towers run through the territory of the Ukraine, descending alongside the village of Gumennyy, literally for a rest, to the Vinnitskaya substation. But the “respite” is brief, and from here the electric current rvshes further. One after another the duty watches are changed at the Vinnitskaya substation. The reports of the men on duty are always brief: “Equi pment in order, system operating excellently.”

The towers of the LEP-750 [ electric power line-750] end at the integration transformer susbstantion in Al*bertirsh, It was located on an area of 3 hectares and is a unique town, cloaked in a web of wires.

The builders of the Toktogul'skaya GES to Frunze LEP-500 completed the

assault of Kumbel’-2, At the edges of the perpetual snows at an altitude of 3,500 meters above sea level towers were raised with wires of increased strength. Having overcome seven passes, this 200-kilometer electric power

line joins the southern and northern energy regions of Kirgizia and will be an important li. in the Central Asian energy ring...

The masts of the high-voltage lines have appeared in the sea. Five towers 30 and 100 meters high with wires suspended on them are now raised above the Kakhovskiy reservoir in the Ukraine, resting with their foundations on its bottom, Wires above the sea are an unusual picture. By the way, everything is unusual here--beginning with the very idea and ending with the realization of the plan.

Already operating on the shore of the Kakhovskiy reservoir is the Zaporozhskaya GRES. A significant part of its energy is intended for re- gions located on the other shore. To take the line around, along the shore means 300 kilometers, but across the reservoir it is a total of about 40. In this case not only is the length of the electric power line reduced, but this also yields a saving of about 6 million ruble« during construction, and also reduces the losses of electric power,

The idea was tempting. Specialists from the Gidropriyekt Institute imeni S.Ya. Zhuk set a goal for themselves: to develop a foundation for the Supports which would make it possible to tow the tower through the reservoir, with it fully assembled on the shore at its whole 100-meter height, and would exclude the necessity of concreting the supports in water. The foundations had to sustain all the structural parts and with- stand the hurricane winds, thepressure of ice and at the same time be light, and convenient for transporting.

All these problems were successfully solved, and five towers stood with their foundatious on sites specially prepared for them made of gravel and crushed stone on the bottom of the reservoir. Then the wires were stretched ind the energy of the Zaporozhskaya GRES flowed along then to the right bank.

Today the power engineers are faced with the problen of transporting

the energy produced by the powerful electric power plants of Siberia to +\e Buropean part of the country. Electric power lines with a voltage

of 500 and 750 kilovolts cannot perform this task. Therefore a decision has been adopted about construction of a custom electric power line with a voltage of 1500 kilovolts, direct current, from Ek fbastuz to the Center. This trunk line with a carrying capacity of 42 billion kilowatt-hours per year will serve as a transitional stage in the work for creation of lines of still higher voltage.

“reation of the LEP-1500 has aivanced problems of particular engineering ‘omplexity. The specialists have worked out unique devices for transmitting energy of great capacity over significant distances, for transforming alternating current into direct and the reverse.

The length of the LEP-1500 will be about 2,500 kilometers. Studies have shown that with such parazeters the transmission of direct current is

considerably more economical than the transmission of alternating.

Soviet scientists have priority in work on the creation of direct-current long-distance transmission lines.

The Ekitastuz-Center LEP-1500 will make it possible to obtain a saving on the introduction of new generating capacities amounting to 1.4 million kilovolts. The engineering design of the line was reinforced by develop- ment of all the electrical equipment for the transformer substations and erection of a test section of the overhead line for 1500 kilovolts.

It was decided to erect the terminal transformer substations in regions adjacent to the cities of Ekibastuz and Tambov. The trunk LEP-1500 will perform the intersystem connection, Taking into account its unprecedented Capacity, and the huge scales of the construction it is planned to erect the line in stages, in four phases--according to the start-up of the

power blocks of the cascade of Ekibastuz state regional electric power plants.

What will tomorrow's trunk transmission lines be like? Soviet scientists feel that the basis of the future electric power lines will be the same fundamental layouts as for the Ekibastuz-Center line.

10908 CSO: 1822

ELECTRIC POWER AND POWER BLUIPMENT

UNDERGROUND POWER PLANTS BUILT, PLANNED Moscow KRASNAYA ZVEZDA in Russian 24% Jul 79 p 4 | Article by Ye. Yegorov: “Underground Electric Power Plants” |

| Text] In Belorussia, not far from Minsk, it is planned to build a deep-embedded underground pumped-storage electric power plant (GAES; gidrokkumuliruyushchaya elektrostantsiya). Its capacity will exceed a million kilowatts, Such plants will help successfully to solve the prob- lems of increasing energy production in the peak hours and the consump- tion of the surplus of it during the night.

The scheme of their operation is rather simples there are two basins,

the upper and lower, with a height difference between them. During the hours of the power peak the water from the upper reservoir is fed to the turbine blades and produces electric power. At night the GAES uses the inexpensive surplus energy. Its turbines, adapted to operate also as pumps, transfer the water from the lower reservoir into the upper one.

Thanks to the GAES there is an increase in the effectiveness of the opera- tion of nuclear and heat power plants. In particular, improvement of the operating regime of thermal electric power plants owirg to the GAES makes

it possible to save 500,000-600,000 tons of standard fuel per 1 million kilowatts of installed capacity. In addition, there is an increase in the leagth of service of expensive equipment and there is an increase in the reliability of energy supply. The work experience of the Kiev GAES with

a capacity of 225,000 kilowatts confirms the promise of this type of electric power plant.

Being built near Moscow now is the Zagorsk GAES with a capacity of 1.2 million kilowatts, Its first phase should go into operation at the end of tis current five-year plan. Being built in Lithuania is the Kayshyadorskaya CAES with 1.6 million kilowatts. Planned is the construction of a GAES

n the Dnestr river with a capacity of over 2 million kilowatts. Sites

have been selected for another approximately 10 pumped-storage plants, Certain GAES will be like components in large power complexes.

10908 CSO; 1822

ELECTRIC POWER AND POWER EQUIPMENT

ACHINSK FUND-FORMING INDICATORS QUESTIONED Moscow EXONOMICHESKAYA GAZETA in Russian No 28, Jul 79 p 16

| Letter to the editors «:d response by A. A. Petrov: "For Efficient Use of Thermal Energy”

| Text] The editors «ve received a letter from the Achinsk Inter-rayon Enters; ise of Electrical and Heating Networks. “Among the technico-economic indicators established for us,” the authors write, “considered the main ome is the volume of. realization of electrical and heat energy in physical terms. It has a decisive influence on the size of the economic incentive funds. However during its fulfillment

we are encountering great difficulties. Indeed at the enterprises important significance is now being given +o

the struggle for economical] utilization of raw material and fuel. Since 1978 ceilings have even been set on the con- sumption of electrical and heat energy, ani not one enter- prise can exceed them. Under these comitions the system of planning existing here, which is oriented to volume valuation indicators, no longer responds to the demands mide. Does not the Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services of the RSFSR propose to make changes in the system of indicators?”

The editors asked A.A. Petrov, chief of the planning and economics division of Glavenergo | Main Power Administration] of the RSFSR Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services to Comment on this letter.

The authors of the letter are right. In fact, on one hand, the enterprises are fighting for a saving of heat and electric power, for lowering its expenditure, and on the other hand, the collectives of heat and power plants, for instance, are interested in releasing more of it to the con- sumers, certainly the evaluation of their work and incentives are made directly dependent on the volume of sales,

The fund-forming ‘ndicators for thermal power plants right now are profit and the calculated profitability. With the aim of improving the existing system of planning in our ministry it was decided to conduct an economic

experiment aimed at rational expeméiture of fuel am power resources. To participate in the experiment are the Mosoblteploenergo Administration amd the Bashteploenergo Production ami Power Association.

For enterprises of Bashteploenergo new fund-forming indicators have been established: the total sum of income and the calculated profitability. For Mosoblteplcenergo the fund-forming indicators will be the reduction in planned losses of energy in the heating networks and the lowering of specific norms of expenditure of standard fuel for the output of one gigacalorie of heat.

With the aim of encouraging rational utilization of heat at the heat and

power plants the sum of the incentive funds in the case of nonfulfillment of the total sum of income for dispatched energy will not be reduced, if

this was caused by a shortfall of heat for the consumers. An obligatory comition in this case is uninterrupted service to the consumers.

We are planning to convert enterprises participating in the experiment to settlements according to submitted accounts. Now the calculations are made according to paid accounts (proceeding from the sum of earnings which has entered the current account in payment for sold thermal power),

The question of conducting the economic experiment should be decided by the MVK | interdepartmental commission | of FSFSR Gosplan. The results of the experiment will help to determine new valuation indicators of the work of enterprises.

I would also like to note that the Academy of Municipal Services imeni Pamfilov recently worked out a statement abovt economic inc erttives for workers engaged in the production, transpert and supply of heat, for reduction of the expenditure of fuel and power resources.

Payment of bonuses to workers according to this regulation is done for observance of the established norms of expenditure of fuel for dispatched heat energy and for lowering the specific expenditure of fuel and the norms of losses in the networks azainst the approved indicators. This r-gulation will soon be put into effect,

From the editors: The question of efficient utilization

of heat energy, raised by the authors, has important national- economic significance. The ministries and departments,

it is pointed out in a recently adopted resolution of the

CPSU Central Committee and the USSR Council of Ministers,

are obligec more effectively to use naterial and moral in- centives for achieving a saving of fuel and power resources,

However, as is evident from the published commentary, the RSFSR Ministry of Housing and Municipal Services ani the MVK of RSFSR Gosplan (which up to now have not considered the proposals

about a change in the procedure for evaluating the activity of the enterprises) have not taken due measures for stimla- tion of economy amd thrift. This means that in the future too the collectives of the enterprises will receive incentives... for an overexpenditure of heat energy. It is the hope of the editors that the leaders of the ministry and RSFSR Gosplan will communicate to the readers about measures taken.

10908 cso, 1822

ELECTRIC POWER AND POWER EXUIPMENT

ATOMMASH PLANT CONSTRUCTION CONTINUING Kiev PRAVDA UKRAINY in Russian 7 Jul 79 p 1 LArticle by Yu. Baranov, APN correspondent: “Labor Rhythm of ‘Atommash'”]

| Excerpts | There are still nc facilities equal to Atommash in the world. Now the installation of cyuipment haw begun here. Being readied are cranes with a load capacity of up to 1200 tons, capable of lifting the housing of the atomic reactors. A custom press with a force of 15,000 tons is being assembled. Using this press 200-millimeter sheets of metal will take on the recessary shape with the manageability of foil. Here for the first time not only in domestic but also in world practice the production of the reactors will be put on a flow-line basis.

The construction project in the Don steppe is broadening, it is gaining tempo. Completed ahead of time at the end of last year was construction of projects of the first phase. Put into 2peration were production capa- cities for producing three million kilowatts of modemreactor equipment, This year the builders will turn over for installation of equipment 120,000 square meters of production areas in the first wing, 50,000 square meters in the second, 100,000 square meters in the fourth, and 12,000 oquare meters in the sixth wing.

As a whole the plant should go into operation not later than 1980. In the “Basic Directions of Development of the USSR National Economy for 1976-1980" it is pointed out that the share of production of electric power at hydroelectric power plants and nuclear power plants should increase from 22 to 4 percent.

10908 CSOs 1822

ELECTRIC POWER AND POWER EQUIPMENT

UKRAINIAN ENERGY INSTITUTE WORKS IN NORTH KOREA Kiev PRAVDA UKRAINY in Russian 10 Jul 79 p 3

| Article by 0. Zelenyak, director of the Ukrainian department of VNIPlenergoproms "Fraternal Aid to People's Korea" |

[Text] It is known what an important role the advancing development of the energy base plays in strengthening the economy of countries of the socialist commonwealth. The Ukrainian department of the All-Union State Scientific Research and Planning and Design Institute of Industrial Power Engineering (VNIPIenergoprom) is also mking its own contribution to development of heating systems and centralized heat supply for industrial enterprises and cities in Cuba, Mongolia and the

Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The collective of the Ukrainian department of VNIPlenergoprom is joined with the power engineers of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

by earlier creative cooperation. Back in 1967-1969 the department developed a plan of a heat and electric power plant in the North Korean city of Unggi with a capacity of 100,000 kilowatts, which became the source of heat

and electrical supply for the industrial center of the city, including a large oil refinery, In the process of planning and construction of the heat and electric power plant in Unggi close contacts were established between workers of the Ukrainian department of VNIPlenergoprom, who were in the Demoractic People's Republic of Korea for carrying out the author's inspection, and between associations of the planning institute the Pyongyang Heat and Electrical Planning Institute, The Korean comrades studied in detail the possibility of incorporating our know-how in setting up heating systems and centralized heat supply, making it possible to achieve a considerable saving of fuel.

In turn our engineers were enriched with the experience of planning heat and electric power plants under the conditions of a mountain locality with a seismic character, and a circulating water supply according to a direct-flow scheme of sea water,

For active participation in the planning and construction of the heat and electric power plant in the city of Unggi the group of our specialists headed by Candidate of Technical Sciences A.Ye. Svichar was given govern- ment awards of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,

Now the Unggi heat and electric power plant is reliably providing energy to the industrial enterprises of the city.

Associates of the Ukrainian department of VNIPlenergoprom have done extensive work connected with the use of cheap coals for the purposes

of heat supply, which is exceptionally important for the economy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The results of the projects

were used by specialists in the department in the plan of a heat am elec- tric power plant with a capacity of 150,000 kilowatts, intended for heat and electrical supply of the housing and municipal sector of the city

of Chongjin, the country’s large industrial center. During planning of the Chongjin heat and electric power plant the experience of joint work with Korean engineers was intensified. In particular, a significant volume of the planning of the construction part of the buildings and facilities is being performed according to the instructions of Ukrainian specialists by the collective of the Pyongyang Heat and Electrical Planning Institute.

The traditional Soviet-Korem friendship month is being marked by the collective of the Ukrainian department of VNIPlenergoprom with successful fulfillment of the plan for the first half of 1979 regarding providing energy pro pcts with technical documentation of high quality. Here especiall attention is being given to the projects for the Chongjin

heat and electric power plant in connection with the forthcoming trip to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea by a group of specialists under the leadership of the chief engineer of the project, candidate of economic sciences F.Ya. Ioffe, for implementation of scientific and planning developments and also for the conduct of an author's inspection,

Associates of the Ukrainian department of VNIPlenergoprom <a collective member of the Soviet-Korean Friendship Society-- will do everything in their power in order to develop and strengthen creative relations with their colleagues, the power engineers from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, in the name of further flourishing of socialist cooperation,

10908 CSO: 1822

10

ELECTRIC POWER AND POWER EQUIPMENT

BRIEFS

GUL"SHAD-TASARAL ELECTRIC LINE--Tselinograd, 4 June. Completed today, a month ahead of schedule, was the laying of the Gul‘shad-Tasaral LEP-35 in the northwest of the Balkhash region. The new 70-kilometer electric power trunk line has made it possible to convert to highly economical centralized ene supply_the last large center of the fishing industry on Lake Balkhash. [Excerpt] Moscow SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA in Russian 6 Jun 79 p 1] 10908

BAKU GAS EXTRACTION--Alekper Bagirovich Suleymanov, chief of the Kasmorneftegazprom All-Union Industrial Association answers the questions of a BAKINSKIY RABOCHIY correspoment: In the extraction of gas we have reached the level planned for 1980, having extracted last year more than 10 billion cubic meters of the blue fuel. The assignment of the first half of the current year has also been covered by approximately 400 million cubic meters. Being fulfilled successfully are the plans for setting up deposits, and there has been an increase in the effectiveness of geological prospecting, The plan for an increase in the reserves of gas, intended for the Tenth Five-Year Plan, will be secured in four years. The

of the presence of oil and gas deposits of developed and worked sites have been expanded, We have also approached the middle of the year with over- fulfillment of the plans for production and sale of gross output. Approxi- mately 75 percent of the growth in output was obtained owing to an increase in labor productivity. Toilers of the association made a profit amounting to 60 million rutles, All this is so, but the work of the association cannot be considered as satisfactory mainly owing to the nonfulfillment of the plans for extraction of oil, and for driving wells. This was justly pointed out at the plenum of the Central Committee of the Comminist Party of Azerbaijan, . held in December of last year, and at the 43rd Baku city party conference. The rates of the drop in the level of oil extraction have been sharply reduced, and this reduction is continuing, However in the first half year the indebtedness to the country came to about 3,000 tons. Also not being fulfilled are the assignments regarding an increase in the reserves of oil, and growth in this field in the volumes of produc- tion, [Excerpt] [Baku BAKINSKIY RABOCHTY in Russian 5 Jul 79 p 2] 10908

ll

URALMAS© EQLUIPMENT--Sverdlovsk. HEjuipment created by designers, tech- nologists and workers of Uralmash according to agreements of friendship and cooperation is shipped to 30 couwu.ries of the world, Among its new consumers is developing Afghanistan. Th: plant collective has manufac- tured for our neighbor an oil-drilling unit with a wide range. It can drill a well to a cepth of 3,000 meters. The new machine is equal toa 12-story apartment building in height. It is outfitted with a set of mechanisms for semiautomatic lowering am hoist of the drilling tool. [ Text] [Moscow IZVESTIYA in Russian 14 Jul 79 p 2] 10908

BUZOV "YAZOVSKOYE OIL DEPOSIT--Ufa. Senior operator of the Ufaneft' Ad- ministration I, Khusnutdinov opened the valve of the pipeline and the oil flow from the new Buzov'yazovskoye deposit began its run to the refineries. Organized here was a new, the fifth by count, oil field of the Ufaneft’ Administration. | Excerpt] Viktooos IZVESTIYA in Russian 24 Jun 79 p 1] 10908

NEW ELECTRIC LINE--Ordzhonikidze. Construction has begun .on a high-vol- tage electric power line from the Chirkeyskaya GES, which is in Dagestan, to Ordzhonikidze. The length of the new line is 214 kilometers, It will pass along the territory of the three autonomous republics of the Northern Caucasus. When it is put into operation additional energy wil be received by the enterprises and construction sites of Stavropol'ye, Kabardino-Balkaria and Northern Osetia. [Text] [Moscow PRAVDA in Russian 21 Jul 79 p 6] 1098

NEW URENGOY FIELD--At the Urengoy gas deposit at the Polar Circle con- struction of a new field has begun, In contrast to the operating fields, here they will not only refine the gas, but also cool it, This will make it possible when transporting the gas across the tundra to preserve the permafrost on the route of the pipeline. When this is disturbed the turdra is turned into an impassable swamp. capacity of the new field is billions of cubic meters of gas per te. Tati | Moscow PRAVDA in Russian 19 Jul 79 p 2] 10908

FUELS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT

UKRAINIAN GAS INDUSTRY LEADERS DISCUSS PRESENT AND FUTURE WORK Gas Production and Storage

Kiev PRAVDA UKRAINY in Russian 3 Jul 79 p l

[Series of three articles] [Article by A. Tumanov, chief, All-Union Ukrgazprom Production Association: "To the Highest Degree”)

[Text] The initiative of machine builders and scientists in Khar'kov, who have been called upon to accelerate the creation and production of new, highly effic *quipment and progress- technology, was acti y supported by workers

in the republic's gas industry. The editors have requested a number of leaders in the branch to tell about our gas workers’ present and fu- ture plans.

The expanding scales of the complicated gas business,

improving the reliability of gas transportation systems, and insuring a normal supply of gas all require new scientific and technical solutions and the use of modern equipment and pro- gressive technology. We have entered into firm and business- like relationships with organizations subordinate to the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences: the Scientific Research In- stitutes of Physico-Organic Chemistry and Coal Chemistry and the Scientific Research Institute of Electric Welding imeni Ye,0, Paton, as well as branch scientific research organiza- tions, among which is UkrNIIgaz {Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Natural Gasses], which is part of our own associa- on.

The drillers of the Ukrburgaz Association are successfully car- rying out their assignments for this five-year plan. This year they are faced with lerge problems concerning the organization of the drilling of production wells in new areas. It is also

necessary to improve the drilling technology and equipment and

13

raise the level of the urganization, quality and efficiency of their work.

The collectives of the gas-producing enterprises have problems to solve that are no less important. The great depth of the wells, the conversion of a number of deposits to the compressor method of extraction, the introduction of rodern gas cleaning and pumping installations -- all of this will increase the pro- duction workers' responsibility for strict observance of the production cycle rules.

A number of new problems have arisen in connection with the in- crease in gas deliveries from areas in Western Siberia. Before the end of this five-year plan, we intend to do a considerable

amount of work on enlarging the Ukrainian gas transportation

system and increasing the capacity of our underground gas res- ervoirs,.

Innovations Improve Gas Production Process

[Article by V, Gradyuk, chief, Khar'kov Gas Industry Adminis- tration: "A General View of Business" ]

[Text] The employees of our administration are extracting nat- ural gas from many deposits, the largest of which is the Kres- tishenskoye field. In setting it up, we used scientific and technical innovations that made it possible nov only to bring the production rate up to the planned level in a very short period of time, but also to exceed it. The testing and intro- duction of new equipment is a common sight at our enterprises. Last year alone, the economic effect of this policy was more than 1 million rubles.

We maintain close relationships with the scientists of UkrNII- gaz and the Ukrainian branch of VNIPiASUgazprom and the spe- cialists of Ukrburgaz, the Ukrvostokneftegazstroy trust and other organi: ations, The common creative activities of our collectives are aimed at improving the processes of extracting and preparing conditioned gas and condensate and increasing the reliability and efficiency of the production process,

Level of Gas Industry Automation Increases Article by V. Dubrovskiy, director, Ukrainian branch, All- Union Scientific Research Institute of Automated Systems in the Gas Industry: “Relying on Automatic Control Systems" ]

[Text] Before the end of this five-year plan, we have to do some complicated work that is related to the creation of highly

efficient automatic control systems and equipment for automat- ing the technological processes involved in the long-distance transportation of gas.

The collective of our branch of the Institute was the first in the Soviet gas industry to develop automatic control systems for the very largest industrial associations and enterprises in the gas production branch. The first stages have already been successfully introduced at Ukrgazprom, Komigazprom, Tyumengaz- prom, and the following high-capacity gas transportation pipe- lines: Nadym-Urals-Center, Ukhta-Torzhok-Ivatsevichi-vestern border of the USSR. Analogous work is being done for the Soyuz and Urengoy-urgut-Chelyabinsk and pipelines, among others.

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FUELS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT

DELAY IN INTRODUCIK3 NEW BURNER FOR TETS' CRITICIZED Moscow IZVESTIYA in Russian 8 Jul 79 p 2

[Article by R. Bikmukhametov, IZVESTIYA correspondent, Ufa: "A ‘Green Light' for the Experience of the Ufans"

[Text] On 6 April of this year, IZVESTIYA published a report entitled "On the Verge of Introduction." It told about s-3 in Ufa, whose collective was able to reduce fuel consumption sharply by modernizing the station's operation. Led by Engi- neer F, Lipinskiy, more than 10 years ago the specialists at the TETs developed a fundamentally new type of burner, the use of which made it possible to achieve an immediate 4-5 percent increase in the heat yield of the fuel burned at the station. For this one station alone, the annual savings amounted to 60,000 tons of oil products. However, the progressive experi- ence of the Ufans was not used extensively at many gas- and oil-burning stations throughout the country. The primary blame for this falls on those specialists at the leading All-Union Institute of Heat Engineering imeni F.E, Dzerzhinskiy who for many years obstructed the introduction of Engineer Lipinskiy's developments.

That issue of the newspaper evoked a strong reaction at the In- stitute. Its foremost specialists on gas- and oil-burning sta- tions, who are under the leadership of Deputy Director V. Rubin, decided to defend their institute's "regimental honor" at all costs and wrote a wordy letter to the editors.

‘heir desire not to let their authority be eroded in the "energy ommunity,” as stated in their answer, can be understood, but hy are they trying to confuse the issue?

For example, V., Kubin reports that the Institute immediately, and with all possible benevolence, reacted to Lipinskiy's inno- vations. True, committees visited Ufa several times, and with great reservations recognized the advantages of the new type of

burner, but for official introduction in the branch recommended only the developments of the Heat Engineering Institute. Mean- while, the Ufans' experience forced itself into production. Lipinskiy's burners are being used successfully at many sta- tions in the Urals and Bashkiria, in Izhevsk and Kostroma. Finally, the invention was patented in England, the United State, the FRG, and France.

In the reply received by the editors it was also stated that more efficient burners have been developed at the Institute.

However, here is what N. Verkhovskiy, chief engineer of the Bashkirenergo Association, has to say about that: “We tested those and other burners in our stations. The ones developed in the Institute's laboratories always produced worse results, and we replaced them with Lipinskiy's burners."

Incidentally, on 11 June Verkhovskiy called together some lead- ing technical specialists, who unequivocally wrote: “In Bash- kirenergo we long ago introduced and are now successfully using the burners developed by Candidate of Technical Sciences F. Li- pinskiy in all our TP-230 and PK-10 boil, at TETs-3 and TETs-& in Ufa, and at the Salavat and Sterlitamak stations. The ex- perience of Ufa's TETs-3 in burning high-sulfur fuel oil, as reported in your newspaper, is basically correct.”

And here we reach the main point, which was not noticed by the All-Union Heat Engineering Institute. In the report, the auth- or first wrote of the progressive experience of TETs-3's col- lective, which -- together with the Kostromskaya GRES -- has achieved the best indicators in the country for a number of years, Actually, in addition to Lipinskiy's burners, other in- novations that are no less interesting are also used there.

The introduction of this experience at all Soviet gas- and oil- burning stations would make it possible to reduce the annual consumption of oil products by several million tons. Really, does this national economic geal not deserve the scientists' attention? However, Deputy Director V. Rubin did not say a word about this question, which was raised in the newspaper.

Clearcut proposals were made at the branch's scientific and technical council, which met in November of last year. Their essence is as follows: to set up, under Soyuzglavremont, a special enterprise that, in the shortest possible amount of time, must introduce a highly efficient method of burning sul- furous fuel, with as little surplus air as possible, at all gas- and oii-burning stations in the country.

The Ufans' experience, which promises a savings of many mil- lions of tons of fuel, should finally receive its start in life.

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FEATURES OF SAFETY RULES FOR TRUNK PIPELINES OUTLINED Baku VYSHKA in Russian 5 Jul 79 p 2 [Article: “Safety Rules for Trunk Pipelines”)

[Text] In order to promote safety and create normal conditions for the operation of trunk pipelines, in addition to preventing unfortunate accidents on pipelines, the USSR Council of Minis- ters has issued a decree that confirms the safety rules for trunk pipelines.

The rules define the order of marking pipeline traces and the points where they intersect rivers and canals, and establish safety zones along the traces and underwater crossings of pipe- lines, as well as around related structures (pumping, compress- or and distribution stations, reservoir areas, and others).

Without the written permission of the enterprises (organiza- tions) operating them, in safety zones it is forbidden to erect any buildings or structures, plant trees and bushes, store fod- der, fertilizer and materiais, build crossings and eat ts fares through pipeline traces, do any construction, installa- tion or explosive work, pasture cattie, establish watering p’aces, cut timber, or do several other kinds of work,

Tre rules forbid any type of activity ina safety zone that would disrupt the normal operation of the pipeline or result in damage to it. Citizens who discover damage to a pipeline or a discharge (leak) of the product being Lo tag pho are obligated to report it immediately to the enterprise (organization) oper- eting the pipeline or to the ispolkom of the local Soviet of teoples' Deputies.

onterprises (organizations) egoveting pivel ines and agencies of Gosgaznadzor and Gosgortekhnadzor FSR State Committee of the Council of Ministers for Supervision of Industrial Safety and for Mining Inspection] are given the right to suspend work that is being dome with disregard for the rules.

Officials and citizens who are